Национальный парк «Удэгейская Легенда»: проблема численности копытных

Комплекс мер для увеличения численности копытных животных на территории национального парка «Удэгейская Легенда» был рассмотрен на обучающем семинаре, организованным WWF России для специалистов в охотохозяйстве «Медведь». 

Напомним, парк «Удэгейская Легенда» организован в 2007 для сохранения и восстановления природных комплексов западного макросклона центрального Сихотэ-Алиня в долине реки Большая Уссурка и ее притоков — Арму и Перевальной. Охраняемая природная территория парка создает своеобразный экологический коридор в самом сердце ареала амурского тигра — между Сихотэ-Алинским заповедником и последним крупным нетронутым массивом кедрово-широколиственных лесов на Бикине. 

Одной из специфических задач национального парка, отличающим его от иных
категорий заповедных земель, является сохранение уникальных рекреационных
ресурсов в относительно нетронутой природе, организация познавательного туризма
и экологического просвещения. В отличие от заповедников в нацпарке благодаря
зонированию разрешена ограниченная хозяйственная деятельность, в том числе
— направленная на увеличения численности копытных. 

«Национальный парк, в первую очередь, создан для людей, и человек, который приезжает
сюда, конечно, хочет увидеть диких животных в природе. До создания парка их численность на этой территории была в разы меньше, так как активно велись лесозаготовки, не было охраны и факторов беспокойства хватало. 

После взятия территории под охрану, численность животных увеличилась, но не на столько, чтобы считать ее значительной. Без проведения ряда комплексных мероприятий по биотехнии сделать это очень трудно. И здесь важен обмен опытом с охотничьими хозяйствами, которые имеют многолетнюю успешную практику в этом вопросе, как например — модельное охотхозяйство WWF «Медведь», к которому мы и обратились за помощью», — говорит директор нацпарка «Удэгейская Легенда» Борис Литвинов.

«Мы просто поражены той работой, которая ведется в этом охотхояйстве. За час знакомства с охотугодьями мы увидели и сфотографировали около 120 животных! — делится впечатлениями Валерий Кузьмин, заместитель директора по охране территории нацпарка «Удэгейская
легенда». — Администрация парка намерена разработать долгосрочную программу по сотрудничеству с охотхозяйством «Медведь», так как мы считаем их опыт очень ценным для нашей особо охраняемой природной территории». 

Уже на протяжении семи лет WWF России сотрудничает в Приморье с охотхозяйством «Медведь», отрабатывая программы увеличения численности основных объектов питания амурского тигра — диких копытных животных. Опыт реализации таких программ показал их значительную эффективность: главным результатом является многократное увеличение численности копытных и стабильное состояние группировки тигров на территории хозяйства.

«Отрадно, что в наше охотничье хозяйство по количеству животных не уступает особо охраняемым природным территориям. Мы всегда готовы помочь любым охотпользователям
и, тем более, нацпарку, в решении вопросов сохранения и увеличения численности
некоторых видов животных. У нас, на мой взгляд, есть достаточный опыт и ресурсы для этого», — подчеркнул руководитель охотхозяйства «Медведь» Валерий Матвиенко.

Это был далеко не первый семинар, состоявшийся в охотхозяйстве «Медведь», но впервые с программами WWF, реализуемыми совместно с охотхозяйством, знакомились специалисты особо охраняемой территории федерального значения. Учитывая, что территория «Удэгейской Легенды» периодически подвергается сильным снегопадам, необходим регулярный контроль и подкормка животных, а в местах концентрации — создание биотехнических комплексов для
круглогодичной подкормки. Именно здесь туристам можно будет понаблюдать за животными, сфотографировать их в естественной среде, без вольеров.

«Сейчас на территории нацпарка обитает 5-8 тигров. Создание условий для концентрации, а, в дальнейшем, и зоны гарантированного выживания копытных в сложных условиях зимовок на севере Приморского края является нашей первостепенной задачей. Наличие такой группировки станет важным элементом инфраструктуры парка для познавательного туризма и, конечно же, обеспечит едой главного нашего хищника — амурского тигра, — поясняет координатор программы Амурского филиала WWF России по сохранению биоразнообразия Павел Фоменко. — Отмечу
так же, что территория парка не является изолированной — звери расселяются в соседние угодья, в охотничьи хозяйства, где ведется промысел, а значит, копытных будет хватать и людям, и тигру».

Елена Старостина

07:30, 24.12.2011 г. — VestiRegion.ru

VestiRegion.ru → Владивосток → Национальный парк «Удэгейская Легенда»: проблема численности копытных

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