Причины и последствия жилищно-коммунального кризиса в России

Спасение людей из аварийного жилья невозможно без возвращения государства на службу народу.
Людоедские либеральные реформы в России привели к массовому разрушению жилья. Так, общая площадь ветхого жилья вырос с 28,9 млн.кв.м. в 1990 году в РСФСР до 56,1 млн, в 2000 году и 84,0 млн.кв.м. в 2007 году.

в СССР жильё бесплатно.jpg

К началу 2015 года площадь ветхого жилья сократилась до 69,5 млн.кв.м., — однако это произошло за счет не только массового жилищного строительства, но и превращения ветхого жилья в аварийное.

Следует подчеркнуть: то, что аварийное жилье, в принципе не приспособлено для проживания, в повседневной жизни означает ежедневный смертельный риск для его обитателей, так как оно, строго говоря, может рухнуть и убить их в любой момент.

Площадь аварийного жилья в РСФСР в 1990 году составляла лишь 3,3 млн.кв.м.; в 2000 году она составила 9,5 млн., в 2007 — 15,1 млн., на начало 2015 года — 23,8 млн.кв.м. Общий рост превысил 7 раз.

Площадь ветхого и аварийного жилья на начало 2015 года превысила общий ввод жилья в этом году (83,8 млн.кв.м.), — а ведь на переселение людей направляется лишь ничтожная часть построенного жилья: основная часть идет на улучшение жилищных условий незначительной обеспеченной части общества и на спекулятивные вложения денег.

Существенно, что приведенные данные являются частичными, о чем честно предупреждает Росстат: всеобъемлющим учетом ветхого и даже аварийного жилья либеральное правительство Медведева предусмотрительно не занимается.

Если в 1990 году жилищные условия в РСФСР улучшило за счет государства 1,3 млн. семей, то в 2000 году — 253 тыс., в 2013 — 153 тыс., а в 2015 — лишь 135 тыс. Общее число семей, улучшающих жилищные условия при поддержке государства, сократилось почти в 10 раз.

При этом в 1990 году на учете с правом улучшения жилищных условий стояло 10 млн. семей, а в 2015 — 2,6 млн. Превышение числа семей-«очередников» над числом улучшающих свои жилищные условия выросло с 7,7 до 19,3 раза: жилье стало фактически недоступным.

По программе правительства Медведева в 2014—2017 годах из аварийного жилья общей площадью 11,4 млн.кв.м. следует отселить около 777 тыс.чел. Эта программа действительно претворяется в жизнь и действительно является самой масштабной в этой сфере за всю четверть века национального предательства (или, как это время еще называют, «независимости России» — от здравого смысла, прогресса и благополучия), однако простое сопоставление с масштабами аварийного жилья (которое постоянно пополняется разрушающимся ветхим) показывает, что предусмотренных объемов совершенно недостаточно для решения проблемы.

По официальной версии, к концу 2017 года будет расселено все аварийное жилье по состоянию на 2012 год, — однако за эти пять лет естественное разрушение обслуживаемых коммунальными монополиями зданий обеспечит значительный прирост «нового» аварийного жилья.

И действительно, начало реализации этой программы не сократила площадь аварийного жилья, а всего лишь остановила ее нарастание: на начало 2015 года она осталась на том же чудовищно высоком уровне, что и на начало 2014 года.

Существенной стороной проблемы является введение в строй нового жилья столь низкого качества, что оно в момент заселения жильцов уже является по сути (но, разумеется, не признается таковым формально) ветхим, а то и аварийным. О примерах этого пишут со всей страны (например, из сочинского района «Веселый», дом 23 по улице Худякова, или из прогремевшей на всю Россию по Первому каналу Калининградской области), — но государство по-прежнему блистательно самоустраняется от решения этой важнейшей проблемы, перекладывая ее на губернаторов, мэров и разного рода официальных общественников.

В этом заключается одна из причин жилищно-коммунального кризиса: преодолеть его можно лишь единой общегосударственной политикой. Перекладывание ответственности за жизнь людей даже на региональные (а в основном и вовсе на местные) власти оборачивается не столько анекдотическими ситуациями (когда сборы на капремонт одного квадратного метра отличаются в весьма близких по всем показателям Москве и Санкт-Петербурге в 7,5 раз), сколько разрушением повседневной жизни людей и ликвидацией России как единого социального пространства.

Вторая причина кризиса ЖКХ заключается в принципиальной ориентации государства не на служение народу, а на организацию его переработки в прибыли и сверхприбыли. В рамках этого подхода существование нормального цивилизованного ЖКХ невозможно в принципе, так как требует постоянных вложений средств, окупаемых не в рамках отдельных фирм, а лишь в масштабах всего общества в целом. В этом отношении ЖКХ как социальная инфраструктура не отличается от других инфраструктурных отраслей естественных (то есть технологически обусловленных) монополий.

как раб в конуре.jpg

Программа Медведева по переселению жителей аварийного жилья с исчерпывающей убедительностью доказывает, что оздоровление жилищно-коммунальной сферы без кардинального оздоровления государства и возвращения его на службу народу невозможно в принципе.

Михаил Делягин, директор Института проблем глобализации, доктор экономических наук, издатель журнала «Свободная мысль".

16:31, 07.10.2016 г. — VestiRegion.ru

VestiRegion.ru → Главная тема → Причины и последствия жилищно-коммунального кризиса в России

izmit haberleri sitesi 12.11.2019, 05:38

Zune and iPod: Most people compare the Zune to the Touch, but after seeing how slim and surprisingly small and light it is, I consider it to be a rather unique hybrid that combines qualities of both the Touch and the Nano. It's very colorful and lovely OLED screen is slightly smaller than the touch screen, but the player itself feels quite a bit smaller and lighter. It weighs about 2/3 as much, and is noticeably smaller in width and height, while being just a hair thicker.

son dakika adıyaman haberleri 12.11.2019, 06:13

If you're still on the fence: grab your favorite earphones, head down to a Best Buy and ask to plug them into a Zune then an iPod and see which one sounds better to you, and which interface makes you smile more. Then you'll know which is right for you.

son dakika samsun haberleri 12.11.2019, 06:14

Hands down, Apple's app store wins by a mile. It's a huge selection of all sorts of apps vs a rather sad selection of a handful for Zune. Microsoft has plans, especially in the realm of games, but I'm not sure I'd want to bet on the future if this aspect is important to you. The iPod is a much better choice in that case.

son dakika erzurum haberleri 12.11.2019, 07:29

The Zune concentrates on being a Portable Media Player. Not a web browser. Not a game machine. Maybe in the future it'll do even better in those areas, but for now it's a fantastic way to organize and listen to your music and videos, and is without peer in that regard. The iPod's strengths are its web browsing and apps. If those sound more compelling, perhaps it is your best choice.

son dakika çorum haberleri 12.11.2019, 07:30

I'll gear this review to 2 types of people: current Zune owners who are considering an upgrade, and people trying to decide between a Zune and an iPod. (There are other players worth considering out there, like the Sony Walkman X, but I hope this gives you enough info to make an informed decision of the Zune vs players other than the iPod line as well.)

trabzon son dakika haberleri 12.11.2019, 08:18

I'll gear this review to 2 types of people: current Zune owners who are considering an upgrade, and people trying to decide between a Zune and an iPod. (There are other players worth considering out there, like the Sony Walkman X, but I hope this gives you enough info to make an informed decision of the Zune vs players other than the iPod line as well.)

yozgat haberleri sitesi 12.11.2019, 08:18

The new Zune browser is surprisingly good, but not as good as the iPod's. It works well, but isn't as fast as Safari, and has a clunkier interface. If you occasionally plan on using the web browser that's not an issue, but if you're planning to browse the web alot from your PMP then the iPod's larger screen and better browser may be important.

trabzon haber sitesi 12.11.2019, 08:53

I'll gear this review to 2 types of people: current Zune owners who are considering an upgrade, and people trying to decide between a Zune and an iPod. (There are other players worth considering out there, like the Sony Walkman X, but I hope this gives you enough info to make an informed decision of the Zune vs players other than the iPod line as well.)

son dakika ığdır haberleri 12.11.2019, 08:55

Zune and iPod: Most people compare the Zune to the Touch, but after seeing how slim and surprisingly small and light it is, I consider it to be a rather unique hybrid that combines qualities of both the Touch and the Nano. It's very colorful and lovely OLED screen is slightly smaller than the touch screen, but the player itself feels quite a bit smaller and lighter. It weighs about 2/3 as much, and is noticeably smaller in width and height, while being just a hair thicker.

son dakika düzce haberleri 12.11.2019, 17:15

Apple now has Rhapsody as an app, which is a great start, but it is currently hampered by the inability to store locally on your iPod, and has a dismal 64kbps bit rate. If this changes, then it will somewhat negate this advantage for the Zune, but the 10 songs per month will still be a big plus in Zune Pass' favor.

son dakika kırklareli haberleri 12.11.2019, 17:16

I'll gear this review to 2 types of people: current Zune owners who are considering an upgrade, and people trying to decide between a Zune and an iPod. (There are other players worth considering out there, like the Sony Walkman X, but I hope this gives you enough info to make an informed decision of the Zune vs players other than the iPod line as well.)

sakarya haber sitesi 12.11.2019, 18:19

I'll gear this review to 2 types of people: current Zune owners who are considering an upgrade, and people trying to decide between a Zune and an iPod. (There are other players worth considering out there, like the Sony Walkman X, but I hope this gives you enough info to make an informed decision of the Zune vs players other than the iPod line as well.)

son dakika kütahya haberleri 12.11.2019, 18:20

The Zune concentrates on being a Portable Media Player. Not a web browser. Not a game machine. Maybe in the future it'll do even better in those areas, but for now it's a fantastic way to organize and listen to your music and videos, and is without peer in that regard. The iPod's strengths are its web browsing and apps. If those sound more compelling, perhaps it is your best choice.

bartın haber sitesi 12.11.2019, 19:50

Sorry for the huge review, but I'm really loving the new Zune, and hope this, as well as the excellent reviews some other people have written, will help you decide if it's the right choice for you.

son dakika ordu haberleri 12.11.2019, 19:51

Hands down, Apple's app store wins by a mile. It's a huge selection of all sorts of apps vs a rather sad selection of a handful for Zune. Microsoft has plans, especially in the realm of games, but I'm not sure I'd want to bet on the future if this aspect is important to you. The iPod is a much better choice in that case.

son dakika ağrı haberleri 12.11.2019, 20:20

I'll gear this review to 2 types of people: current Zune owners who are considering an upgrade, and people trying to decide between a Zune and an iPod. (There are other players worth considering out there, like the Sony Walkman X, but I hope this gives you enough info to make an informed decision of the Zune vs players other than the iPod line as well.)

son dakika teknoloji haberleri 12.11.2019, 20:21

If you're still on the fence: grab your favorite earphones, head down to a Best Buy and ask to plug them into a Zune then an iPod and see which one sounds better to you, and which interface makes you smile more. Then you'll know which is right for you.

son dakika tekirdağ haberleri 12.11.2019, 20:38

I'll gear this review to 2 types of people: current Zune owners who are considering an upgrade, and people trying to decide between a Zune and an iPod. (There are other players worth considering out there, like the Sony Walkman X, but I hope this gives you enough info to make an informed decision of the Zune vs players other than the iPod line as well.)

son dakika bursa haberleri 12.11.2019, 20:39

Zune and iPod: Most people compare the Zune to the Touch, but after seeing how slim and surprisingly small and light it is, I consider it to be a rather unique hybrid that combines qualities of both the Touch and the Nano. It's very colorful and lovely OLED screen is slightly smaller than the touch screen, but the player itself feels quite a bit smaller and lighter. It weighs about 2/3 as much, and is noticeably smaller in width and height, while being just a hair thicker.

son dakika sıcak güncel haberler 12.11.2019, 20:59

Sorry for the huge review, but I'm really loving the new Zune, and hope this, as well as the excellent reviews some other people have written, will help you decide if it's the right choice for you.

tunceli haberleri sitesi 12.11.2019, 21:00

Sorry for the huge review, but I'm really loving the new Zune, and hope this, as well as the excellent reviews some other people have written, will help you decide if it's the right choice for you.

son dakika adapazari haberleri 12.11.2019, 21:28

Apple now has Rhapsody as an app, which is a great start, but it is currently hampered by the inability to store locally on your iPod, and has a dismal 64kbps bit rate. If this changes, then it will somewhat negate this advantage for the Zune, but the 10 songs per month will still be a big plus in Zune Pass' favor.

tokat haberleri sitesi 12.11.2019, 21:29

The Zune concentrates on being a Portable Media Player. Not a web browser. Not a game machine. Maybe in the future it'll do even better in those areas, but for now it's a fantastic way to organize and listen to your music and videos, and is without peer in that regard. The iPod's strengths are its web browsing and apps. If those sound more compelling, perhaps it is your best choice.

batman haberleri sitesi 12.11.2019, 21:51

Zune and iPod: Most people compare the Zune to the Touch, but after seeing how slim and surprisingly small and light it is, I consider it to be a rather unique hybrid that combines qualities of both the Touch and the Nano. It's very colorful and lovely OLED screen is slightly smaller than the touch screen, but the player itself feels quite a bit smaller and lighter. It weighs about 2/3 as much, and is noticeably smaller in width and height, while being just a hair thicker.

son dakika muğla haberleri 12.11.2019, 21:52

The new Zune browser is surprisingly good, but not as good as the iPod's. It works well, but isn't as fast as Safari, and has a clunkier interface. If you occasionally plan on using the web browser that's not an issue, but if you're planning to browse the web alot from your PMP then the iPod's larger screen and better browser may be important.

kars haberleri sitesi 12.11.2019, 22:08

The new Zune browser is surprisingly good, but not as good as the iPod's. It works well, but isn't as fast as Safari, and has a clunkier interface. If you occasionally plan on using the web browser that's not an issue, but if you're planning to browse the web alot from your PMP then the iPod's larger screen and better browser may be important.

son dakika sinop haberleri 12.11.2019, 22:09

Sorry for the huge review, but I'm really loving the new Zune, and hope this, as well as the excellent reviews some other people have written, will help you decide if it's the right choice for you.

son dakika kadın haberleri 12.11.2019, 22:28

Sorry for the huge review, but I'm really loving the new Zune, and hope this, as well as the excellent reviews some other people have written, will help you decide if it's the right choice for you.

manisa haberleri sitesi 12.11.2019, 22:28

Zune and iPod: Most people compare the Zune to the Touch, but after seeing how slim and surprisingly small and light it is, I consider it to be a rather unique hybrid that combines qualities of both the Touch and the Nano. It's very colorful and lovely OLED screen is slightly smaller than the touch screen, but the player itself feels quite a bit smaller and lighter. It weighs about 2/3 as much, and is noticeably smaller in width and height, while being just a hair thicker.

son dakika kırıkkale haberleri 12.11.2019, 22:45

If you're still on the fence: grab your favorite earphones, head down to a Best Buy and ask to plug them into a Zune then an iPod and see which one sounds better to you, and which interface makes you smile more. Then you'll know which is right for you.

içel haberleri sitesi 12.11.2019, 22:46

The new Zune browser is surprisingly good, but not as good as the iPod's. It works well, but isn't as fast as Safari, and has a clunkier interface. If you occasionally plan on using the web browser that's not an issue, but if you're planning to browse the web alot from your PMP then the iPod's larger screen and better browser may be important.

kahramanmaraş haberleri sitesi 12.11.2019, 23:07

The Zune concentrates on being a Portable Media Player. Not a web browser. Not a game machine. Maybe in the future it'll do even better in those areas, but for now it's a fantastic way to organize and listen to your music and videos, and is without peer in that regard. The iPod's strengths are its web browsing and apps. If those sound more compelling, perhaps it is your best choice.

son dakika elazığ haberleri 12.11.2019, 23:08

The new Zune browser is surprisingly good, but not as good as the iPod's. It works well, but isn't as fast as Safari, and has a clunkier interface. If you occasionally plan on using the web browser that's not an issue, but if you're planning to browse the web alot from your PMP then the iPod's larger screen and better browser may be important.

karaman haberleri sitesi 12.11.2019, 23:28

Apple now has Rhapsody as an app, which is a great start, but it is currently hampered by the inability to store locally on your iPod, and has a dismal 64kbps bit rate. If this changes, then it will somewhat negate this advantage for the Zune, but the 10 songs per month will still be a big plus in Zune Pass' favor.

malatya haberleri sitesi 12.11.2019, 23:29

If you're still on the fence: grab your favorite earphones, head down to a Best Buy and ask to plug them into a Zune then an iPod and see which one sounds better to you, and which interface makes you smile more. Then you'll know which is right for you.

son dakika uşak haberleri 12.11.2019, 23:47

I'll gear this review to 2 types of people: current Zune owners who are considering an upgrade, and people trying to decide between a Zune and an iPod. (There are other players worth considering out there, like the Sony Walkman X, but I hope this gives you enough info to make an informed decision of the Zune vs players other than the iPod line as well.)

izmir haberleri sitesi 12.11.2019, 23:47

Between me and my husband we've owned more MP3 players over the years than I can count, including Sansas, iRivers, iPods (classic & touch), the Ibiza Rhapsody, etc. But, the last few years I've settled down to one line of players. Why? Because I was happy to discover how well-designed and fun to use the underappreciated (and widely mocked) Zunes are.

son dakika muş haberleri 13.11.2019, 00:03

Sorry for the huge review, but I'm really loving the new Zune, and hope this, as well as the excellent reviews some other people have written, will help you decide if it's the right choice for you.

gümüşhane haberleri sitesi 13.11.2019, 00:04

Hands down, Apple's app store wins by a mile. It's a huge selection of all sorts of apps vs a rather sad selection of a handful for Zune. Microsoft has plans, especially in the realm of games, but I'm not sure I'd want to bet on the future if this aspect is important to you. The iPod is a much better choice in that case.

son dakika bingöl haberleri 13.11.2019, 00:18

The new Zune browser is surprisingly good, but not as good as the iPod's. It works well, but isn't as fast as Safari, and has a clunkier interface. If you occasionally plan on using the web browser that's not an issue, but if you're planning to browse the web alot from your PMP then the iPod's larger screen and better browser may be important.

erzincan haberleri sitesi 13.11.2019, 00:19

If you're still on the fence: grab your favorite earphones, head down to a Best Buy and ask to plug them into a Zune then an iPod and see which one sounds better to you, and which interface makes you smile more. Then you'll know which is right for you.

diyarbakır haberleri sitesi 13.11.2019, 00:41

I'll gear this review to 2 types of people: current Zune owners who are considering an upgrade, and people trying to decide between a Zune and an iPod. (There are other players worth considering out there, like the Sony Walkman X, but I hope this gives you enough info to make an informed decision of the Zune vs players other than the iPod line as well.)

son dakika van haberleri 13.11.2019, 00:42

This is getting a bit more subjective, but I much prefer the Zune Marketplace. The interface is colorful, has more flair, and some cool features like 'Mixview' that let you quickly see related albums, songs, or other users related to what you're listening to. Clicking on one of those will center on that item, and another set of «neighbors» will come into view, allowing you to navigate around exploring by similar artists, songs, or users. Speaking of users, the Zune «Social» is also great fun, letting you find others with shared tastes and becoming friends with them. You then can listen to a playlist created based on an amalgamation of what all your friends are listening to, which is also enjoyable. Those concerned with privacy will be relieved to know you can prevent the public from seeing your personal listening habits if you so choose.

kayseri haberleri sitesi 13.11.2019, 00:56

This is getting a bit more subjective, but I much prefer the Zune Marketplace. The interface is colorful, has more flair, and some cool features like 'Mixview' that let you quickly see related albums, songs, or other users related to what you're listening to. Clicking on one of those will center on that item, and another set of «neighbors» will come into view, allowing you to navigate around exploring by similar artists, songs, or users. Speaking of users, the Zune «Social» is also great fun, letting you find others with shared tastes and becoming friends with them. You then can listen to a playlist created based on an amalgamation of what all your friends are listening to, which is also enjoyable. Those concerned with privacy will be relieved to know you can prevent the public from seeing your personal listening habits if you so choose.

siirt haberleri sitesi 13.11.2019, 00:58

Between me and my husband we've owned more MP3 players over the years than I can count, including Sansas, iRivers, iPods (classic & touch), the Ibiza Rhapsody, etc. But, the last few years I've settled down to one line of players. Why? Because I was happy to discover how well-designed and fun to use the underappreciated (and widely mocked) Zunes are.

son dakika ardahan haberleri 13.11.2019, 01:27

The new Zune browser is surprisingly good, but not as good as the iPod's. It works well, but isn't as fast as Safari, and has a clunkier interface. If you occasionally plan on using the web browser that's not an issue, but if you're planning to browse the web alot from your PMP then the iPod's larger screen and better browser may be important.

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